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General Info

Multi-sensor Automatic Train Protection.

Agencies have several options for the design of safe train control systems depending on the operational requirements of the system. For many urban transit operators, Communication Based Train Control (CBTC) is an appropriate choice. However, CBTC deployments are costly and have complex schedules for installation for many reasons.

For lines that do not rise to the CBTC level of requirements, agencies may choose a design based on signal protection that relies on traditional signaling with additional safety functions provided in an overlay design in order to upgrade and achieve SIL-4 operation. This approach is similar to how Positive Train Control (PTC) operates.

ATP-Overlay Solution

What is ATP-O?

The Piper Rail Positioning System (RPS) is capable of helping agencies achieve their modernization goals without incurring the cost or disruption involved in the commissioning of CBTC.

Doing so requires implementing a system that can be added to existing infrastructure to improve overall safety and reliability. We refer to this as the ATP Overlay (ATP-O) approach because it assumes retention of a signaling system in order to meet the IEEE functional ATP requirements of CBTC at a reduced cost and with minimal disruption.

At a high level, ATP-O is a design approach that uses Piper’s RPS system identically as it’s deployed for CBTC for vital position and speed. But it’s expanded to include integrations with existing critical signaling equipment and with the addition of Piper’s carborne Safety PLC to initiate braking when an operator ignores one or more protection rules. The result is a comprehensive and convenient system that is competitive with the benefits of full CBTC.

Among the examples for this type of integration are:

  • Solid State Interlocking (SSI) — to receive and process switch position to determine safe operation.
  • Signal Heads — to determine and display signal aspect to the operator.
  • Grade Crossing Controllers — to improve the reliability of train detection near grade crossings.
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Piper Signal Modernization
Piper UWB Anchors are mounted on the wayside
Piper UWB Anchors are mounted on the wayside

Among the examples for this type of integration are:

  • Solid State Interlocking (SSI) — to receive and process switch position to determine safe operation.
  • Signal Heads — to determine and display signal aspect to the operator.
  • Grade Crossing Controllers — to improve the reliability of train detection near grade crossings.
Download whitepaper
Piper Signal Modernization

With ATP-O, agencies can benefit from the ability of trains to communicate directly with wayside equipment while operating in the territory.

In addition to determining vital speed and positioning information, Piper is capable of integrating UWB radios into various wayside devices and including the data in critical train control calculations while also displaying the information to the operators.

System Components

LiDAR

Light Detection and Ranging (LiDAR) units are mounted to vehicles to detect objects and workers in the path.

LiDAR

Light Detection and Ranging (LiDAR) units are mounted to vehicles to detect objects and workers in the path.

Ultra Wideband (UWB) Anchors and Tags

Precision location of vehicles and collision avoidance.

Ultra Wideband (UWB) Anchors and Tags

Precision location of vehicles and collision avoidance.

Operator Displays

In-cab displays communicate vital information to the operators like speed, approaching grade crossings, and distances to work zones.

Operator Displays

In-cab displays communicate vital information to the operators like speed, approaching grade crossings, and distances to work zones.

Time-of-Flight Cameras

TOF cameras have a variety of uses including detection of track intrusions at stations.

Time-of-Flight Cameras

TOF cameras have a variety of uses including detection of track intrusions at stations.

GPS RTK

Base stations are installed throughout the territory and provide vehicle locations within centimeters.

GPS RTK

Base stations are installed throughout the territory and provide vehicle locations within centimeters.

Testimonials

Proven in the field

Our single platform is not only designed to communicate seamlessly with existing systems, but they can also be interoperable with legacy equipment. It improves efficiencies and safety, which could be particularly useful for Communications Based Train Control (CBTC) implementations, as well as mid-tier transportation agencies, the smaller metropolitan transit authorities which are looking for Automatic Train Protection (ATP) functionality that doesn’t really require CBTC.

Robert Hanczor
 CEO Piper Networks

Ultra Wideband wireless technology brings the promise of fewer and shorter delays, and faster and cheaper installation of modern CBTC signaling, by eliminating much of the equipment traditionally fitted under trains and on tracks. This is a game-changer for our customers.

Pete Tomlin Former MTA Signaling Chief

I’m hugely encouraged by that (Piper Networks) demo… I think we’re on a winner here. This means that the already aggressive time frame of Fast Forward CBTC roll out can be expedited even more quickly and we can go from being this capable but very traditional subway to state-of-the-art.

Andy Byford Former President of NYCT

Benefits

Uses for ATP Overlay

Train Speed Determination

The system is independently SIL-4 certified for position and speed.

Rollback Protection

The system detects small fluctuations in train movement and enforces a brake action.

Departure Interlocks

Interfaces with door control to ensure zero speed, door alignment, and platform side assurance.

Coupling & Decoupling

The system measures the consist length and provides alerts/brakes in the event of a decoupling.

Work Zone Protection

Piper’s navigation computer can be updated with TSRs and work zone location and enforce protection rules.

Safe Train Separation

Location awareness in the territory combined with P2P communication ensures safe train separation at all times.

Overspeed Protection

Vital speed determination can be integrated with Piper’s Safety PLC to provide graduated speed control or emergency braking.

End-of-Track Protection

Provides positioning throughout the territory, including track limits. Protection for this function is similar to that for red signals.

Emergency Braking

Integration with Piper Safety PLC provides emergency braking functionality that can be activated in response to breach of several protection rules.

certification

SIL4 Safety Certified

A fundamental requirement of any signaling system is safety certification to a CENELEC SIL-4 level. In CBTC, this vitality is achieved, in part, by meeting the Automatic Train Protection (ATP) functionality required for safe train operation as defined by the IEEE 1474.1 Standards for Communications-Based Train Control Performance and Functional Requirements.
SIL4 Safety Certified
A fundamental requirement of any signaling system is safety certification to a CENELEC SIL-4 level. In CBTC, this vitality is achieved, in part, by meeting the Automatic Train Protection (ATP) functionality required for safe train operation as defined by the IEEE 1474.1 Standards for Communications-Based Train Control Performance and Functional Requirements.

Piper’s news

Other Solutions

Reliably Innovative Transit Solutions

Piper has an existing suite of real-time location systems (RTLS) solutions that utilize various technologies, including: UWB, BLE, GPS-RTK, LTE, RFID, HD Cameras and LiDAR.

Maintenance of Way Safety

Maintenance of Way Safety

Piper’s multi-sensor MOW safety solution provides limits compliance, collision avoidance and detection, and greatly improves track worker safety.

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Train Navigation

Train Navigation

Determine the location of trains with unmatched positional certainty, even underground or on elevated tracks in the city.

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Grade Crossing Safety

Grade Crossing Safety

Monitor grade crossings remotely to detect occupancy and alert rail system operators to potential hazards.

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Our single platform is not only designed to communicate seamlessly with your existing systems, but they can also be interoperable with your legacy equipment. Use Piper’s proven solutions to improve efficiencies and safety, or contact us to develop something specific to your requirements.

Station Safety & PIDS

Station Safety & PIDS

Calculate train arrival/departure times to improve rider experience, and keep them safe on the platforms with special track intrusion cameras.

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